Rabindranath Tagore – Biography, Life History, Works, Poems And Novels

Rabindra Nath Tagore was one of the most famous person of India. He was born on 7 May, 1861. He was also called the poet and Gurudev due to have an unforgettable effect on the minds and hearts of his readers. Rabindra Nath Tagore was an iconic figure in the cultural vision of Bengal. He was such an Indian even non-European person who won the first Nobel Prize in literature. 

Along with his poems, he is also known as the national anthem creator. Through this article, we have given complete information about their work, achievements and their lives.

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He was born in a Bengali family in Jorasanko Haveli in Calcutta, India. He was the last child of his parents. These were a total of 13 siblings. His father was a great Hindu philosopher and one of the founders of the Brahmo Samaj religious movement. 

He was very young when he was left with his mother. In 1883, he married Mrinalini Devi aged 10 years. They had a total of 5 children. His wife died in 1902. And after the death of his mother, Tagore’s 2 daughters Renuka and Samindranath also died.

Rabindranath Tagore Introduction

Full NameRabindranath Tagore
Other NameRabbi, Gurudev, poet of poets
Birth Date7 May, 1861
BirthPlaceCalcutta, Bengal Residency, British India
Death7 August, 1941
Death PlaceJorasanko Thakur Bari, Kolkata
Age80 years
ProfessionPoets, songs and composers, writers, playwrights, essayists and painters
Famous AsAuthor of Indian National Anthem, Nobel Prize winner in literature and his ideas
Political IdeologyOpposition imperialism and supported Indian nationalists
Zodiac Sign / Sun SignTaurus
Famous BookGeetanjali

Family Details

Father’s NameDebendra Nath Tagore
Mother’s NameSarada Devi
Spouse’s NameMrinalini Devi
Siblings NameDwijendra Nath, Jyotirindranath, Satyendranath, Swarnakumari
Son’s NameRavindra Nath Tagore
Doughter’s NameRenuka Tagore, Meera Tagore, Shamindra Nath Tagore and Madhurilata Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore Education

However, most of Tagore’s early education was completed at home. But his traditional education was completed from Brighton, East Sussex, an England public school. Actually his father wanted Rabindra Nath to become a barrister, so he sent him to England in 1878. Other members of his family such as his nephews, nieces and sisters-in-law joined him to support him during his stay in England.

After this, he enrolled in London University College, where he went to study law. But they left it in the middle without a degree. And started trying to learn many of Shakespeare’s works in his own way. From there, he returned to India after learning the essence of English, Irish and Scottish literature and music.

Major compositions

Rabindranath Tagore was interested in many subjects, and in every field, he spread his fame. Therefore, he became a great poet, litterateur, writer, painter, and also a very good social worker. It is said that, at a time when a child plays in childhood, Rabindranath Tagore wrote his first poem. When Rabindranath Tagore wrote his first poem, at that time, he was just eight years old. As a teenager, he had not stepped in properly and he wrote a short story in 1877, ie at the age of sixteen. Rabindranath Tagore composed about 2230 songs. In Indian culture, especially in Bengali culture, there were many great writers who contributed indelibly.

Works, Poems And Novels PDF

Achievement Of Rabindranath Tagore

  1. Rabindranath Tagore had many achievements in his life, but the most prominent was “Geetanjali”. In 1913, Rabindranath Tagore was awarded the “Nobel Prize” for Gitanjali.
  2. Rabindranath Tagore has given the national anthem to India and to the country of Bangladesh, as his greatest obeisance, which is a sign of immortality. 
  3. Not only this, Rabindranath Tagore met a great scientist like Albert Einstein three times in his life who used to call Rabindranath Tagore as Rabbi Tagore.

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